Spatial Syntax Analysis of the Evolution of the Water System and Garden Distribution Relationship in Suzhou: 13th–20th Centuries
Spatial Syntax Analysis of the Evolution of the Water System and Garden
Distribution Relationship in Suzhou: 13th–20th Centuries
発表者／presenter’s name：〇 Liu Huiyuan 1
所属／Affiliation：1 Landscape Architecture, College of Environment, Seoul National University
In the present study, we used the axis model in the spatial syntax approach to analyze the evolution of the water system in the city of Suzhou, China, from the 13th to the 20th centuries and its relationship with the distribution of gardens in the city. The distribution of the mainstream authoritative gardens appeared to be directly affected by the water system, and the gardens located in the areas with high water integration in each period were well preserved. In the 13th and 17th centuries, gardens located in areas with both high and low water system integration took advantage of the surrounding water systems for landscaping. However, in the 19th and 20th centuries, gardens built in areas with high water systemintegration no longer did so. The temple gardens that had been preserved due to their location in the commercial area with high water system integration lost their original connotation of being pure Buddhist land as a result of the rupture of the surrounding water system. Private gardens, which embody the elegant taste of the literati, strongly resisted the aesthetic invasion
from commercialization, however, and were also protected and preserved by the
commercialization, presenting a contradictory yet complementary relationship between traditional garden culture and commercial development in Suzhou. While resisting the aesthetic invasion of commercialization, Suzhou gardens have benefited from it and have been preserved to this day. There is thus a contradictory and complementary relationship between Suzhou’s traditional garden culture and the emerging commercial culture, guided by the invisible hand of the city’s water systems. At the same time, through this study, the relationship between the city and the water system is clarified, which provides an important reference for further protection of water resources and cultural landscapes.
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